Sea Elephant

Sea elephant in nature Animal World

Elephant sea are carnivores.

The elephant seal is a deep-sea diver, a long-distance traveler, an animal that starves for long periods of time. Elephant seals are extraordinary, they come together on land to give birth, mate and molt, but at sea they are alone. Huge demands are placed on their appearance in order to continue their race. Studies show that elephant seals are the children of a dolphin and a platypus or a dolphin and a koala.

The history of the development of the elephant seal colony began on November 25, 1990, when less than two dozen individuals of these animals were counted in a small bay south of the Piedras Blancas lighthouse. In the spring of 1991, almost 400 seals were bred. In January 1992, the first birth took place. The colony grew at a phenomenal rate. In 1993, about 50 cubs were born. In 1995, another 600 cubs were born. The population explosion continued. By 1996, the number of cubs born had risen to nearly 1,000, and the colony extended all the way to the beaches along the coastal highway. The colony continues to expand to this day. In 2015, there were 10,000 elephant seals.

southern elephant seal
Photo: What elephant seals look like

Elephant seals are sociable animals belonging to the Phocidae family. The northern elephant seal is yellowish or gray-brown, while the southern elephant seal is blue-gray. The southern species has an extensive molting period, during which significant areas of hair and skin fall out. Males of both species reach a length of about 6.5 meters (21 ft) and weigh about 3,530 kg (7,780 lb) and grow much larger than females, which sometimes reach 3.5 meters and weigh 900 kg.

Humans shed their hair and skin all the time, but elephant seals go through a catastrophic molt in which the entire epidermal layer with attached hairs sticks together at one point in time. The reason for this abrupt molt is that at sea they spend most of their time in cold, deep water. In the process of immersion, blood moves away from the skin.

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